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13 8月, 2017

Linux 命令縮寫

cd:Change Directory(改變目錄)
su:switch user 切換用戶
rpm:redhat package manager 紅帽子打包管理器
pwd:print work directory 打印當前目錄顯示出當前工作目錄的絕對路徑
ps: process status(進程狀態,類似於 windows 的任務管理器)
ps -auxf 顯示進程狀態
df: disk free 其功能是顯示磁盤可用空間數目信息及空間結點信息。換句話說,就是報告在任何安裝的設備或目錄中,還剩多少自由的空間。

rpm:即 RedHat Package Management,是 RedHat 的發明之一
rmdir:Remove Directory(刪除目錄)
cat: concatenate 連鎖 cat file1 file2>>file3把文件1和文件2的內容聯合起來放到 file3中
insmod: install module,載入模塊
ln -s : link -soft 創建一個軟鏈接,相當於創建一個快捷方式
mkdir:Make Directory(創建目錄
man: Manual
pwd:Print working directory
su:Swith user
cd:Change directory
ls:List files
ps:Process Status
mkdir:Make directory
rmdir:Remove directory
mkfs: Make file system
fsck:File system check
cat: Concatenate
uname: Unix name
df: Disk free
du: Disk usage
lsmod: List modules
mv: Move file
rm: Remove file
cp: Copy file
ln: Link files
fg: Foreground
bg: Background
chown: Change owner
chgrp: Change group
chmod: Change mode
umount: Unmount
dd: 本來應根據其功能描述「Convert an copy」命名為「cc」,但「cc」已經被用以代表「C Complier」,所以命名為「dd」
tar:Tape archive
ldd:List dynamic dependencies
insmod:Install module
rmmod:Remove module
lsmod:List module
文件結尾的"rc"(如.bashrc、.xinitrc 等):Resource configuration
Knnxxx / Snnxxx(位於 rcx.d 目錄下):K(Kill);S(Service);nn(執行順序號);xxx(服務標識)
.a(擴展名 a):Archive,static library
.so(擴展名 so):Shared object,dynamically linked library
.o(擴展名 o):Object file,complied result of C/C++ source file
RPM:Red hat package manager
dpkg:Debian package manager
apt:Advanced package tool(Debian 或基於 Debian 的發行版中提供)
bin = BINaries
/dev = DEVices
/etc = ETCetera
/lib = LIBrary
/proc = PROCesses
/sbin = Superuser BINaries
/tmp = TeMPorary
/usr = Unix Shared Resources
/var = VARiable ?
FIFO = First In, First Out
GRUB = GRand Unified Bootloader
IFS = Internal Field Seperators
LILO = LInux LOader
MySQL = My 是最初作者女兒的名字,SQL = Structured Query Language
PHP = Personal Home Page Tools = PHP Hypertext Preprocessor
PS = Prompt String
Perl = "Pratical Extraction and Report Language" = "Pathologically Eclectic Rubbish Lister"
Python 得名於電視劇 Monty Python's Flying Circus
Tcl = Tool Command Language
Tk = ToolKit
VT = Video Terminal
YaST = Yet Another Setup Tool
apache = "a patchy" server
apt = Advanced Packaging Tool
ar = archiver
as = assembler
awk = "Aho Weiberger and Kernighan" 三個作者的姓的第一個字母
bash = Bourne Again SHell
bc = Basic (Better) Calculator
bg = BackGround
biff = 作者 Heidi Stettner 在 U.C.Berkely 養的一條狗,喜歡對郵遞員汪汪叫。
cal = CALendar
cat = CATenate
cd = Change Directory
chgrp = CHange GRouP
chmod = CHange MODe
chown = CHange OWNer
chsh = CHange SHell
cmp = compare
cobra = Common Object Request Broker Architecture
comm = common
cp = CoPy
cpio = CoPy In and Out
cpp = C Pre Processor
cron = Chronos 希臘文時間
cups = Common Unix Printing System
cvs = Current Version System
daemon = Disk And Execution MONitor
dc = Desk Calculator
dd = Disk Dump
df = Disk Free
diff = DIFFerence
dmesg = diagnostic message
du = Disk Usage
ed = editor
egrep = Extended GREP
elf = Extensible Linking Format
elm = ELectronic Mail
emacs = Editor MACroS
eval = EVALuate
ex = EXtended
exec = EXECute
fd = file descriptors
fg = ForeGround
fgrep = Fixed GREP
fmt = format
fsck = File System ChecK
fstab = FileSystem TABle
fvwm = F*** Virtual Window Manager
gawk = GNU AWK
gpg = GNU Privacy Guard
groff = GNU troff
hal = Hardware Abstraction Layer
joe = Joe's Own Editor
ksh = Korn SHell
lame = Lame Ain't an MP3 Encoder
lex = LEXical analyser
lisp = LISt Processing = Lots of Irritating Superfluous Parentheses
ln = LiNk
lpr = Line PRint
ls = list
lsof = LiSt Open Files
m4 = Macro processor Version 4
man = MANual pages
mawk = Mike Brennan's AWK
mc = Midnight Commander
mkfs = MaKe FileSystem
mknod = MaKe NODe
motd = Message of The Day
mozilla = MOsaic GodZILLa
mtab = Mount TABle
mv = MoVe
nano = Nano's ANOther editor
nawk = New AWK
nl = Number of Lines
nm = names
nohup = No HangUP
nroff = New ROFF
od = Octal Dump
passwd = PASSWorD
pg = pager
pico = PIne's message COmposition editor
pine = "Program for Internet News & Email" = "Pine is not Elm"
ping = 擬聲又 = Packet InterNet Grouper
pirntcap = PRINTer CAPability
popd = POP Directory
pr = pre
printf = PRINT Formatted
ps = Processes Status
pty = pseudo tty
pushd = PUSH Directory
pwd = Print Working Directory
rc = runcom = run command, rc 還是 plan9的 shell
rev = REVerse
rm = ReMove
rn = Read News
roff = RunOFF
rpm = RPM Package Manager = RedHat Package Manager
rsh, rlogin, rvim 中的 r = Remote
rxvt = ouR XVT
seamoneky = 我
sed = Stream EDitor
seq = SEQuence
shar = SHell ARchive
slrn = S-Lang rn
ssh = Secure SHell
ssl = Secure Sockets Layer
stty = Set TTY
su = Substitute User
svn = SubVersioN
tar = Tape ARchive
tcsh = TENEX C shell
tee = T (T 形水管接口)
telnet = TEminaL over Network
termcap = terminal capability
terminfo = terminal information
tex = τ

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